Archives: TESOL Working Paper Series

Past Issues

TESOL Working Paper Series Homepage

Volume 11, 2013

Volume 10, Issue 1 & 2, Fall 2012

Volume 9, Issue 1 & 2, Fall 2011

Volume 8, Issues 1 & 2, Spring & Fall 2010

Volume 7, Issue 2, Fall 2009

Volume 7, Issue 1, Spring 2009

Volume 6, Issue 2, Fall 2008

Volume 6, Issue 1, Spring 2008

Volume 5, Issue 2, Fall 2007

Volume 5, Issue 1, Spring 2007

Volume 4, Issue 2, Fall 2006

All volumes produced prior to Volume 4, Issue 2, Fall 2006 are available only in print. Please contact Dr. Hanh Nguyen at for further information.

The Hawaii Pacific University TESOL Working Paper Series is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171
Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.

Cover image: "Calligraphy I," watercolor painting by Barbara Kellogg, 2011. Reproduced with permission from the artist.

TESOL (Applied Linguistics)

Department of English and Applied Linguistics

Volume 5, Issue 2, Fall 2007

Editors: Hanh thi Nguyen & Jean Kirschenmann

Hanh thi Nguyen & Jean Kirschenmann

Articulatory Pronunciation Problems with Vowels by Japanese Speakers of English: Insights from a Contrastive Analysis
Yoshie Nishikiori

ABSTRACT: This paper aims to compare the differences between English and Japanese vowels in order to explain why it is difficult for Japanese speakers to pronounce English vowels. Since Japanese has only five vowels, and each vowel covers more than one English vowel, Japanese learners of English often mispronounce English vowels by substituting them with
Japanese vowels. In addition, Japanese speakers are not aware of how they should move their mouths, lips, and jaws
when they speak English because Japanese does not require large facial expression or movement when speaking. It is
very important for learners to recognize the differences because recognizing is the first step to learn pronunciation of
foreign language. In order to teach Japanese speakers to pronounce English vowels correctly, teachers should also be
aware of these differences and incorporate this knowledge in teaching.

The History of English in Australia

ABSTRACT: This paper traces the development of Australian English and describes some of its distinctive features. Australian English diverged from British English in the late 18th century when the first British colony was established in New South Wales. During its history, Australian English has also been influenced by Irish English and American English, and
these influences are reflected in some aspects of its grammar and the pronunciation or spelling of certain words. However,
Australian English today is not merely a linguistic mixture from British, Irish, and American English; it has also
acquired characteristics of its own. Particularly, this paper describes the phonological and lexical characteristics of
Australian English. I focus on the phonological features of three different varieties of Australian English (Broad, General,
and Cultivated Australian English) and compare them to British Received Pronunciation. I also report on the
numerous Aboriginal words borrowed into Australian English.

Writing in CALL: A Pilot Study on How Online Journaling Can Be Effective in Language Learning
Yoshie Nishikiori

ABSTRACT:This paper aims to find out whether using web log, usually referred to as “blog,” affects language learning, especially writing. The paper includes a pilot study in which two ESL students wrote journals in English, one student wrote on paper and the other on her blog page. Preliminary results show that blogging motivated the learner because it gave her a reason to write and the possibility of getting frequent and instant feedback from her audience. The pilot study also
revealed that the two learners wrote differently online and on paper in terms of sentence complexity, lexical complexity,
and level of personal involvement versus detachment. Further research is needed to examine whether the differences
noted in this pilot study are general to other learners.

Bringing Pedagogical Principles to the Classroom: An Essay on Student Motivation,
Hye-Young Sung Materials for Vocabulary and Grammar Development Based on the Principles of Input processing, Recycling, and Closed-task Output:


  • Introduction, Hanh thi Nguyen
  • School Search, Daniela Wagner
  • O‘ahu Traffic Problem, Alison Fukuchi
  • Freedom Trail, Yoshie Nishikiori