SUGGESTIONS FOR GETTING STUDENTS TO READ
Edith C. Fraser, Ph.D.
Director of Faculty Development andResearchOakwoodCollegeHuntsville, Al. 35896
(taken from email 8-28-06)
1. When the class has a new reading assignment, I have my students (in Introduction to Industrial Engineering) meet in 3-person teams for 10-15 minutes at the start of class. Each team comes up with: (a) Important points from the reading, and (b) Questions about the reading. Each team reports to the class and I compile the two lists, which become our basis for discussing the reading. I tell the class that I may sometimes add items that I think they missed, but I rarely need to do that.
Jane M. Fraser, Chair, Department of Engineering, Colorado State University-Pueblo
2. Students hand in an abstract or other short summary of the day's required reading. Each of these summaries becomes a "survival card," a sort of cheat sheet that they are allowed to use for an upcoming test or exam. One nice thing about this is that you don't have to mark them, and the students are motivated to make the quality good because the cards will be of practical use later on.
3. We use an "Admission Ticket" concept that works fairly well. Basically an assignment or task that has to be completed before the student can enter the class----thus an "Admission Ticket" works for both a face-to-face or online class. Examples include: an online test or quiz to be completed before coming to class over the reading assignment; a paper assignment to be handed in as you enter class; questions completed as a pre-lab for a lab class; completed math problems; posting in an online Discussion Board, etc.
Janice M. Kinsinger, Director, Instructional Innovation, Faculty Development and Learning Resources 239G Illinois Central College
4. I give a T/F quiz on main ideas the day after a reading assignment, before any discussion. Students take the quiz quickly, and the, while I grade them, they get into groups of two or three and take it again, this time having to justify their answers to each other and agree on their joint response. After these are turned in, we go through the answers. The items are all main-idea, basic definition items with little analysis needed. The quiz, the student interaction and finally my discussion of the answers helps to implant the main ideas from the reading a little more firmly than simply reading does, to get them ready for the deeper discussion that follows.
Vicki Robinson, Associate Professor of Physics, National Technical Institute for the Deaf Rochester Institute of Technology
5. Cues First, it is axiomatic that a teacher accompany any reading assignment with a clear statement of the purpose or direction of the reading. It is ineffective simply to say to students, “Read these pages or that chapter for Friday.” Give students a set of study questions. Explain what they should look for in the assigned readings. Give them cues on what is most important or what in the reading they will be responsible for.
Lynn Sorenson, Editor, Brigham Young University Faculty Center
6. Quizzes. A common tactic (and often student detested) is the pop quiz. Such a quiz can be effective if students know what will be tested, if the quizzes’ purposes are clear, if the questions perhaps promote discussion and learning, or if the quizzes are given regularly. Or, to encourage students to read before class, give them a set of short essay questions, one of which will be used for a five-minute quiz at the beginning of the next class. These quizzes assure preparation and are easy to grade.
7. Study questions (from teachers). Accompany each reading assignment with key study questions. Alert students they may be called on randomly to answer those questions in class.
8. Discussion questions (from students). At the beginning of class, invite each student to submit at least two questions for discussion. Then call on students at random to respond to the student-generated questions.
9. Summaries. Assign students at the beginning of class to submit a concise summary of the main points of the assigned material or a personal response to some part of the reading assignment.
10. Syllabus. At the beginning of the semester include in the syllabus a precise calendar of assignments along with explicit counsel on “how to succeed” in the class: general reading objectives, reading and test preparation strategies, perhaps even sample test questions.
11. Less is more? Discuss with students the reasonableness of the reading load you assign. If the load is heavy, then perhaps the students need help with how to handle it. Perhaps the load is simply too heavy.
12. The ideal. Create in the classroom such fervor and interest in upcoming assignments that students cannot restrain themselves from coming to class prepared.
13. Jigsaw -- Each student is responsible for some "piece" that is then shared with a group for an activity. What I've done is have students divide a large reading activity among the group, each person taking responsibility for reading, learning, summarizing, and then sharing and teaching the information to the rest of the group. When students "miss" the assignment, the peer pressure is far more persuasive than anything I could do.
14. Syndicate -- Students are responsible for learning the material for a presentation. Like the Jigsaw, this works because the group cannot operate without the missing piece, and the added presentation focus makes this a bigger issue. Students also see the value of group work when the group works. I explain that in the real world, group projects span the regular assignments and must be "shared" as we do in my class.
Denise C. Camin, Associate Professor, DeVry University, Tinley Park, (708) 342-3254, firstname.lastname@example.org
15. Several individuals suggested teaching students how to read as tool for getting students to read. Reading from a text requires a focus and purpose that reading a novel does not. Take advantage of the fact that some students in every class are skilled readers. Discuss and T-chart the skill elements with classes, getting their best-practice ideas. Doing so may not make expert readers of every student, but it focuses students on the skill issue and offers hope and ideas.
16. “Getting Students to Read” Eric Hobson
17. For me, it starts with picking the 'correct' book. In one of my classes (Leadership) I picked a book full of real case studies (The Leadership Moment) and created assignments both in class (student leading seminars) and out of class assessments (exams, etc.). The classes were filled with discussion and content delivery on leadership and students were expected to use the story characters in conjunction with the content. When I first started this I was worried students wouldn't get 'everything' because I was not using a typical text. However, I found the class discussions extremely rich and every student read the chapters, many read more than expected, understood the content, could describe the important points in leadership. Hope this gives you a clear picture, I know this is not an option for many courses, but worked great in mine!
Julie Weible [email@example.com]
18. Jonathan Mueller suggests a series of brief reading assignments with a unique grading approach that he adapted from an Barbara Walvoord. Visit his page and scroll down to "Reading Assignments". You can view the reading assignments on this page. It only takes about 10 minutes to grade a stack of 30 of these, but the vast majority of the class has read the material.