Planning instruction that goes beyond fact content and promotes depth of thinking is supported by understanding Bloom’s taxonomy; a tool first developed in the 1950’s and revised in the 1990’s as one way to classify different cognitive tasks. Fran Glazer, Assistant Provost at New York Institute of Technology, has created a tool that links each Bloom category to descriptive verbs and associated cognitive tasks. Fran includes examples and digital tools that could call forth thinking at each levels. Her file opens with these comments:
Remembering is at the lower end of the hierarchy, with complexity building through understanding, applying, analyzing, and evaluating, to culminate in creating. These categories can be useful tools in planning effective instruction that challenges students to move from basic skills such as memorization to higher order cognitive tasks such as composing, designing, or integrating information.
Planning instruction relies on the creation of measurable learning objectives. Iowa State University’s Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching created an interactive model of learning objectives based on a revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of educational objectives. The handout provides the context around the model, describing the Knowledge dimension and the Cognitive Process dimension, and the interactive model visually shows examples of objectives across the dimensions.